The portuguese flag has two uneven main stripes, green and red and a coat of arms with several elements.
The green on the flag, next to the pole, represents the hope of the portuguese people, the red the blood of all those who died while defending the portuguese nation.
The armillary sphere, in yellow, was in important astronomical tool used during the Discoveries Period, being also a symbol of the manueline architecture visible on the Hieronymites Monastery and Belém Tower.
The portuguese Coat of Arms represents has five smaller coat of arms in the centre, representing the 5 wounds of Jesus Christ when crucified, these are also a symbol of the D. Afonso Henriques gratitude for the divine victory during the battles to conquest Portugal. The seven castles, around, are considered a symbol of the portuguese victories over the moorish enemies, by D. Afonso III, who conquered seven enemies fortress in Algarve, till 1249.
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