The São Jorge Castle is one of the most symbolic and important monuments in Lisbon. The castle, the ruins of the former royal palace, and a residential section from that elite time are actually located in the exclusive medieval city of (Alcazaba) .
The castle is cataloged as a National Monument nowadays, and includes gardens, viewpoints, a citadel, terraces, a small museum, an archaeological center, a periscope (invented by Leonardo da Vinci in the 16th century), a shop and a cafe-restaurant, the Lion House
This castle was constructed by Muslims in the middle of the 11th century as a defensive element of the elite who lived in this citadel.
It was conquered in 1147 by Afonso Henriques, first king of Portugal, and until the 16th century had its heyday as a courtly space. The old buildings from the Islamic period were altered and expanded to receive the king, the court, and the bishop.
The royal archive was installed in one of the castle towers.
In the 13th century it was transformed into a royal palace, and chosen to host illustrious persons, celebrate festivals, and proclaim kings throughout the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries.
In 1580, with the integration of Portugal into the Spanish Crown, the castle took on a more military function, which it maintained until the early 20th century.
During that time, several spaces were remodelled and built, especially after the 1755 earthquake.
Between 1938 and 1940, the castle was restored to the its previous glory, as were some nearby ancient buildings.
Archaeological investigations carried out since the late 20th century confirmed the time when the occupation on top of this hill took place, increasing even more its great historical value.
Discover at the archaeological museum core the following objects from VII century before Christ, lives stories unveiled by their humans remains; Residential ruins from Muslims period dated about mid XI century; Ruin remains of a palace style fort shaped dwelling that was destroy by an earthquake on 1755
Castelo de São Jorge, Lisboa
Free for Lisbon’s inhabitants
Visitors - 7,50€
Students under 25 years old, disabled and seniors (above 65 years old) - 4,00€
1st November to 28th February - 9am to 6pm
1st March to 31st October - 9am to 9pm
Closed on the 1st January, 1st May and 25th December.
(+351) 218 800 620.
Tram: 12, 28.
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