Almeida, Portugal

Visit the town of Almeida and visit its walled citadel while in Guarda, Portugal.

Almeida, Portugal
Almeida
© Vítor Ribeiro

Almeida is a Portuguese village belonging to the district of Guarda, in the Central region, Portugal.

This small town played a key role in the independence of Portugal from Spain in 1640, and was turned into a stronghold against Spanish incursions.

 

Nowadays, its main attraction is a fortified citadel from the 17th and 18th centuries featuring an hexagonal star-shaped floorplan, a dozen bastions, three gates, slopes, moats, and a walled perimeter of 2500 metres. The structure is similar to those in the cities of Elvas or Valença do Minho.

The interior is orderly built with white houses, two churches, a convent, and some Baroque palaces.

North of Almeida, in a hill that dominates the whole Serra da Marofa, stands Castelo Rodrigo which, after being repopulated with Galician people by Rodrigo González Girón, became part of the Reign of Portugal under the treaty of Alcanices (1297).

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